Groundwater Vulnerability 1:40,000 Ireland (ROI) ITM

Category: Science
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The groundwater vulnerability concept is based largely on the question “can water and contaminants move in the subsurface materials (soil and subsoil) and/get down to groundwater easily?”

Groundwater is most at risk where the subsoils are absent or thin and in areas of karstic limestone, where surface streams sink underground at swallow holes. Groundwater vulnerability maps are based on the type and thicknesses of subsoils (sands, gravels, glacial tills (or boulder clays), peat, lake and alluvial silts and clays) and the presence of karst features.

Groundwater that readily and quickly receives water (and contaminants) from the land surface is considered to be more vulnerable than groundwater that receives water (and contaminants) more slowly and consequently in lower quantities.

Groundwater vulnerability is classified as follows: Rock near surface or karst (X) Extreme (E) High (H) Moderate (M) Low (L). Scale: 1:40,000

These data sources are used to classify groundwater vulnerability: Subsoil Permeability; Depth to Bedrock; Groundwater Karst DataSinking streams Teagasc subsoils

The Groundwater Vulnerability map along with the Aquifer maps and Source Protection Area maps are merged to produce Groundwater Protection Zones. Each zone enables an assessment of the risk to groundwater, independent of any particular hazard or contaminant type. The Groundwater Protection Zones form one of two components of Groundwater Protection Schemes.

A Groundwater Protection Scheme provides guidelines for the planning and licensing authorities in carrying out their functions, and a framework to assist in decision-making on the location, nature and control of developments and activities in order to protect groundwater. Use of a scheme will help to ensure that within the planning and licensing processes due regard is taken of the need to maintain the beneficial use of groundwater.

Groundwater Protection Schemes are county-based projects that are undertaken jointly between the GSI and the respective Local Authority.

The groundwater protection scheme comprises two components:A land surface zoning map (or maps) called the groundwater protection zone map, and Groundwater protection responses for existing and new potentially polluting activities. The role of the GSI is in the production of the land surface zoning map, whereas decisions on groundwater protection responses are the responsibility of the statutory authorities.

Data Resources (4)

available as data viewer
available as shp
available as esri rest
available as wmts

Data Resource Preview - ESRI REST

Theme Science
Date released 2014-01-10
Date updated 2021-10-22
Dataset conforms to these standards The INSPIRE Directive or INSPIRE lays down a general framework for a Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) for the purposes of European Community environmental policies and policies or activities which may have an impact on the environment.
Rights notes ['Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)', 'Data that is produced directly by the Geological Survey Ireland (GSI) is free for use under the conditions of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.\n\n\n\n\n\nUnder the CC-BY Licence, users must acknowledge the source of the Information in their product or application.\n\nPlease use this specific attribution statement: "Contains Irish Public Sector Data (Geological Survey Ireland) licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence".\n\nIn cases where it is not practical to use the statement users may include a URI or hyperlink to a resource that contains the required attribution statement.', 'license']
Update frequency Annual
Language English
Landing page
Geographic coverage in GeoJSON format {"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[-10.47472, 51.44555],[-10.47472, 55.37999], [-6.01306, 55.37999], [-6.01306, 51.44555], [-10.47472, 51.44555]]]}
Spatial Reference Systems (SRS) Irish Transverse Mercator (ITM, EPSG:2157)
Vertical Extent {"verticalDomainName": "sea level", "minVerticalExtent": "0", "maxVerticalExtent": "0"}
Provenance information This dataset was constructed from the following data sources: (1) Subsoil Permeability dataset; (2) Depth to Bedrock dataset; (3) Karst features dataset; (4) Sinking streams dataset. (5) Teagasc subsoils dataset.
Period of time covered (begin) 2009-01-12
Period of time covered (end) 2019-09-11